Meghalaya Tourism | Place to visit in Meghalaya

Meghalaya Tourism | Place to Visit in Meghalaya

Meghalaya is a small state in north-eastern India. The word "Meghalaya" literally means The Abode of Clouds in Sanskrit and other Indic languages. Meghalaya is a hilly strip in the eastern part of the country about 300 km long (east-west) and 100 km wide, with a total area of about 8,700 sq mi (22,720 km²). The population numbered 2,175,000 in 2000. The state is bounded on the north by Assam and by Bangladesh on the south. The capital is Shillong also known as the Scotland of the East, which has a population of 260,000.

About one third of the state is forested. The Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its mountain forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south. The forests of Meghalaya are notable for their biodiversity of mammals, birds, and plants. Meghalaya, a hilly strip in eastern India, covers a total area of just 22,429km2. It was previously part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya.

Meghalaya is predominantly an agrarian economy. The important crops of the state are potato, rice, maize, pineapple, banana etc. The service sector is made up of real estate and insurance companies. Meghalaya's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $1.6 billion in current prices.

Shillong, the capital of the state, is a popular hill station. There are several falls in and around Shillong. The Shillong peak is highest in the state and is good for trekking. It is also known as the "abode of the gods" and has excellent views.

If one is not in a mood for camping, the state also offers many good hotels and lodging facilities.

Carved from the erstwhile State of Assam, Meghalaya became a full fledged State on January 21,1972. Bounded on the North and East by Assam and on the South and West by Bangladesh, Meghalaya is spread over an area of 22, 429 square kilometres, and lies between 20.1° N and 26.5° N latitude and 85.49 °E and 92.52 °E longitude.

Fact sheet of Meghalaya:



Area:

22,429 Sq.Kms.

Districts:

East Khasi Hills, West Khasi Hills, Jaintia Hills, Ri Bhoi District, East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills and South Garo Hills.

Civil Sub- Divisions:

Sohra, Mairang, Mawkyrwat, Amlarem, Khliehriat, Ampati, Resubelpara and Dadenggiri

Number of Villages:

5629

Forest Area:

8510 Sq, Km.

Population:

23,18,822

Density:

103 Per Sq. Km.

Literacy:

62.6%

Racial Origin of the People:

Austric, Tibeto-Burman

Population of Shillong (Census 2001) Shillong Urban agglomeration:

2,67,662

Major Mineral Resources:

Coal, Limestone, Sillimanite, Dolomite, Fireclay, Felspar, Quartz and Glass-sand.

Principal Forest Produce:

Timber, Bamboo, Reed, Cane, Ipecac, Medicinal herbs and Plants, Cinnamon, Lemon-grass and Thatch-grass.

Principal Agricultural Products:

Rice, Maize, Patato, Cotton, Orange, Ginger, Tezpata, Arecanut, Jute, Mesta, Banana and Pineapple.

Wildlife of Meghalaya:


Animals:

Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Bear, Panther, Wild Boar, etc.

Birds:

Duck, Hornbill, Myna, etc.

Total Area:

6436 Sq. kms.

Altitude:

1496 metres

Population:

223366

Rainfall:

241.5cm.

Language:

Khasi, English and Hindi

Clothing:

Summer (April to October): Light Tropical. Winter (November to March): Woolen.

Climate:

Summer - Max.23°C-Min. 15°C Winter - Max. 15°C-Min.03°C

Best time to visit in Meghalaya:


Meghalaya is an all-year-round tourist destination, where even the monsoon provides the exhilaration and experience of being on the wettest place on the planet.

Temperature of Meghalaya:


In summer, ranges from 15°C to 25°C; in winter, it is much colder, with temperature ranging between 4°C and 16°C. The hills are also often covered by fog during this season.

Recommended Tourist Circuits in Meghalaya:


Kazirannga-Guwahati-Shillong-Cherrapunjee-Shillong
Shillong-Mawphlang-Weiloi-Mawsynram-Shillong
Shiilong-Smit-Nartiang-Thadlaskein-Jowai-Thlu Umwi-Shillong
Guwahati-Dudanai-Bajaengdoba-Angore-Tura-Barergapara-Baghmara-Siju-Balpakram-Shillong

Major Festivals in Meghalaya:


Shad Suk Mynsiem (April-May)
Behdeinkhlam (July)
Wangala Festival (October-November)
Pomblang Nongkrem (October-November)
Christmas (December 25)

Climate of Meghalaya:


The State enjoys a temperate climate. It is directly influenced by the South-West Monsoon and the northeast winter wind. The four seasons of Meghalaya are: Spring - March and April, Summer (Monsoon) - May to September, Autumn -October and November and Winter - December to February.

The Monsoon usually starts by the third week of May and continues right to the end of September and sometimes well into the middle of October. Maximum rainfall occurs over the southern slopes of the Khasi Hills, i.e over the Sohra and the Mawsynram platform, which receives the heaviest rainfall in the world. The average rainfall in the State is 12,000 mm.

Principal Languages of Meghalaya:


The principal languages in Meghalaya are Khasi, Pnar and Garo with English as the official language of the State. It was at the initiative of the Christian missionaries that the Khasi, Pnar and Garo languages and literature have developed and emerged in the list of Modern Indian Languages. The Khasi language is believed to be one of the very few surviving dialects of the Mon-khmer family of languages in India today.

Weather Forecast of Shillong, Meghalaya:



How to reach Shillong, Meghalaya:



Air:


There is a small airport at Umroi, about 35 km from Shillong. Boeing Air Alliances Flights (50 seaters) operate on this route. Buses / Taxis are available from Shillong to Umroi and back.

M.T.C. Bus Service from Shillong to Umroi Airport
Departure time from Shillong : 11.00 hrs
Departure time from Umroi : On Arrival of flight from Kolkata
Embarking and Disembarking point : M.T.C. Station, Police Bazar

Another convenient airport, the Gopinath Bordoloi Airport in Guwahati (128 km from Shillong) is connected to rest of India with regular flights. Shared cabs (typically small cars from the airport, and larger Tata Sumos from Guwahati town center) are available from outside airport connecting to Shillong. The rate is Rs. 300 per passenger from Guwahati Airport to Shillong. The cab drops you off at Police Bazaar from where you can get a ride to almost any part of Shillong. En route from Guwahati to Shillong, you'll probably stop mid way at Nongpoh to freshen up and get some refreshments.

Flight Schedule from Guwahati Airport
MTDC Airport Transfer services from Shillong to Guwahati Airport
Tickets will be available at Tourist Information Centre, Police Bazaar and Meghalaya Tourism Information Centre, Guwahati Airport.

Helicopter Service:


Helicopter is available from Guwahati to Tura and Tura to Shillong on Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday/Friday and from Guwahati to Shillong and Shillong to Guwahati daily except on Sunday.

It takes 20 mins. to reach Shillong from Guwahati and one hour from Guwahati to Tura. This means of transportation is very economical and convenient.

Helicopter Schedule with effect from 07th January 2011
For details and bookings, contact:
Meghalaya Helicopter Service MTC Bus Stand, Police Bazar Tel 2223129
Sheba Travels Tel 2227222

Rail:


There are no rail lines in Meghalaya. The nearest railway station is Guwahati. It is 104 km from Shillong and very well connected with all major cities of India.

Meghalaya Transport Corporation (MTC) has bus services coordinated with train arrivals at Guwahati. The buses leave Guwahati beginning 6 am till 5 pm (three and a half hrs). Reciprocal services from Shillong also leave at the same time. Taxis are available at Guwahati Railway Station.

Railway Schedule with effect from 1st April 2008

Road:


National Highway 40, an all-weather road, connects Shillong with Guwahati. State's Transport Corporation and private transport operators have services to various places in Meghalaya and to neighbouring states. Meghalaya Transport Corporation (MTC) and Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) operates bus services from Shillong to Guwahati and Guwahati to Shillong from 0600 hours to 1700 hours daily. Tourist Taxis, Tata Sumo Taxis, Tourist coaches are also available for travel between Shillong to Guwahati and vice-versa. Shillong is well connected by a net work of roads with all important cities in the neighbouring states and major cities in the country.

In Guwahati, the State's Transport Corporation buses leave from the Inter State Bus Terminus, Beltola, while the Private run buses, Sumos and Taxis leave from Paltan Bazar. In Shillong, the bus stand is located in Police Bazar for Government buses and for private buses it is located in Polo Grounds. The Sumos and Taxis leave from Police Bazar in Shillong. Buses usually take around 4 hours with a mid-way stop at Nongpoh. Sumos and Taxis take around 3 hours to reach Shillong from Guwahati.

Local transport:


Buses and Unmetred Yellow-top Taxis are available for travelling to various destinations in the city. Tourist Taxis/Tata Sumo Taxi Associations, Shillong also provide cars for local as well as for long distance tours.

Bus - For places within city limits, city buses are good options. There are two kinds of buses that pass from Shillong - City bus and Bazar bus. City buses is what tourists should use. Bazar buses are for villagers coming to Shillong.

Taxis - Black and Yellow unmetered shared taxis ply within city limits. These are faster and are always shared; rates may vary from Rs 5/- to Rs 15/- maximum. Being shared taxis, drivers often pick up additional passengers en route to the same destination, in order to make a better fare. If one decides to negotiate the "hire" of a taxi, however, the driver will not pick up any more passengers (or stop roadside to find more) but the fare will be significantly higher than if one had just hailed the taxi as it passed by.

For sightseeing it is a good idea to hire a taxi cab for full day. The fares should be fixed before travel. Hotel staff will be able to give you an idea of reasonable rate. Much of the infrastructure is basic.

How to Reach at Tura, Meghalaya:


From Shillong:


Helicopter service- information and tickets are available at MTC bus stand.

Bus (only night bus):


Meghalaya Transport Corporation(MTC) buses can be availed from the MTC station, Police Bazar. Private Night Bus service counters are in Police Bazar though the Buses are parked in Polo Grounds.

Hired Taxi:


There are two Tourist Taxi Stands in Police Bazar area where a selection of taxis can be hired.

From Guwahati:


Helicopter service -Information and tickets available at the Helicopter Counter in the airport.

Bus:


Meghalaya Transport Corporation(MTC) buses are available from the Inter State Bus Terminus, Beltola. Private buses (both day service and Night service) are available from Machkhowa near Bhorelu Mukh.

People, Culture & Religion of Meghalaya:


Meghalaya's main ethnic communities, each having its own distinctive customs and cultural traditions are the Khasis (of Mon-Khmer ancestry), the Garos (of Tibeto-Burman origin) and the Jaintias said to be from South East Asia. The common trait binding all three communities is its matrilineal system in which the family linage is taken from the mother's side. The people of Meghalaya are known to be hospitable, cheerful and friendly.

Traditionally, the Khasis believe that their religion is God given and is based on the belief of one supreme God, the creator 'U Blei Nongthaw' A Khasi is a deeply religious person, who has an intense love of life. He believes that life is God's greatest gift and he has to account for it again in the hereafter.

The Jaintias and Khasis have the same religion, although the Jaintias are more influenced by Hinduism. They have a superstition that the Jam, like the Khasi Thlen, is an evil spirit bringing riches to its owner and disease or death to its enemies or victims.

The Garos believe in one supreme Creator, Rabuga, who is the sustainer and commander of the world. The other spirits are the representatives of the supreme Creator. The spirits connected to the Garo's agricultural life, are appeased by sacrifices but never worshipped. The headman is an integral part of the village and acts as religious head.

However, many members of the Khasi, Jaintia and Garo communities have converted to Christianity and one can see a number of churches as well as temples, mosques, gurudwaras and monasteries in Meghalaya.

Meghalaya Tourism:


Khasi Hills-The Land of Abundant Wonders:


Khasi Hills is perhaps best known for Sohra (Cherrapunjee), geographically famous for being the wettest place on earth and also Shillong, one of the most beautiful hill stations in India. Infact the entire Khasi Hills region that forms the central part of Meghalaya is richly endowed with natural beauty. Everywhere you go, you will never cease to be mystified by the spectacular charm the state offers.

Shillong:


Location: East Khasi Hills District

The capital city of the State as well as the District headquarter of East Khasi Hills District. The name Shillong is derived from U-Shyllong, a powerful deity and is situated at an altitude of 1,491m above sea level. This beautiful city is 103kms.

from Guwahati, the nearest air and train link. The presence of many well reputed educational institutions, many of them established by various missionary groups make Shillong the hub of education for the entire north-east.

Smit:


Location: East Khasi Hills District

Just 17 Kms South of Shillong is the traditional seat of Khasi culture. The Nongkrem dance, is performed in Smit during November. Close by in Nongkrem village there is one traditional house owned by the Lyngdoh, which is 100 years old.

Mawphlang:


Location: East Khasi Hills District

One of the most remarkable features of the Khasi Hills are the sacred forests, which have been preserved by traditional religious sanction, since the ancient days. One of the most famous sacred forests is the Mawphlang Sacred Forest, about 25 kilometres from Shillong. The sacred grove has an amazing life form of plants, flowering trees, orchids and butterflies. An ideal destination for nature lovers.

The sacred-groves which have been preserved since time immemorial, are in sharp contrast to their surrounding grasslands. These groves are generally rimmed by a dense growth of Castanopsis kurzii trees, forming a protective hedge which halts intrusion of Pinus kasia (Khasi pine) which dominates all areas outside the sacred groves. Inside the outer rim, the sacred groves are virtually Nature's Own Museum. The heavily covered grounds have a thick cushion of humus accumulated over the centuries. The trees in every sacred groveare heavily loaded with epiphytic growth of aroids, pipers, ferns, fern-allies and orchids. The humus-covered grounds likewise harbour myriad varieties of plant life, many of which are found nowhere else.

Sohra (Cherrapunjee):


Location: East Khasi Hills District, Sohra

Sohra, previously known as Cherrapunjee, a Sub-Division in the East Khasi Hills District of Meghalaya, is set upon a plateau on the southern slopes of the state. Sohra is dotted with waterfalls cascading over deep gorges. The swift flowing rivers and streams flow in a southernly direction to the plains.




Laitkynsew:


Location: East Khasi Hills District

15 Kms further from Sohra (Cherrapunjee) there is a holiday resort run by a private party. The resort offers visitors treks around the picturesque hills, spring bath, the thrills of caving and many other forms of excitement. Close to the resort there is the living root bridge across a torrential stream, that any visitor would love to see.

In the adjacent village of Nongriat two such living bridges have been created by weaving and inter-twine roots of the same banyan tree. It has come to be referred to as Jingkieng Nongriat or more commonly Double Decker.

Mawsynram:


Location: East Khasi Hills District

Mawsynram is a small village in the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya state in north-eastern India, 56 kilometres from Shillong. Reportedly the wettest place on Earth, Mawsynram receives an average annual rainfall of 11,872 mm (about 39 feet). However, as there has been no meteorological department office in the area and for all practical and statistical purposes, Cherrapunjee has been recorded as the wettest place in the world.

Mawsynram is a place where nature-loving people frequently visit wherein they take pleasure in the steep, sliding slopes, the fresh air, the rolling green mountains and the deafening but beautiful waterfalls.

In Mawsynram, there is a cave called the Mawjymbuin Cave which is one of the well known caves in Meghalaya. This cave, due to years of weathering and due to dripping of mineralized solutions and deposition of calcium carbonate, it has thus given rise to some magnificent stalagmites. These stalagmites are not only important and of great interest for geological research but also because of their exquisiteness. The stalagmite of the Mawjymbuin Cave is shaped into a massive Shivalinga. The cave also has a dome shaped rock with a flat top called the Symper Rock.

Mawlynnong Village:


Location: East Khasi Hills District

Mawlynnong Village has earned the distinction of being the cleanest village in India. It is situated 90 kms. from Shillong and besides the picturesque village, offers many interesting sights such as the living root bridge and another strange natural phenomenon of a boulder balancing on another rock.

Mawlynnong nestled in the pristine hill state of Meghalaya, is along the Indo-Bangla border. This cute and colourful little village is known for its cleanliness. The main occupation of the villagers is agriculture. They mostly grow betel nut. About 82 households live in Mawlynnong. Keeping the surrounding environment clean is an age old tradition. Discover India magazine declared the village as the cleanest in Asia in 2003.

A dustbin made out of bamboo is found all along the village. Every one makes it a point that dirt and waste are not thrown everywhere. All the waste from the dustbin is collected and kept in a pit, which the villagers use as manure. The villagers are now on a mission to ban plastic. The village with cent per cent literacy is conscious and they are spreading the message of conservation and protection of the forest. Locals plant trees to ensure that the virgin forest is kept intact and also replenished.

Mawlynnong's fame is now drawing an endless stream of guests from across the country and abroad. Although residential facilities are still scarce and are in the process of being developed, the existing one constructed from bamboo and thatch is quite hospitable and restful. Mawlynnong is an artist's delight and the sort of getaway that would titillate creative writers and poets.

Umiam Lake:


Location: Ri Bhoi District

More popularly known as Barapani, this is the biggest artificial lake in the State. Surrounded by sylvan hills and wrapped in the beauty of an assortment of green Khasi-pines and the azure blue skies is the majestic Umiam lake. The lake situated just 15 km from Shillong on the Guwahati-Shillong National Highway has left a lasting impression on each and every person who has come to this lake.

Developed upon the reservoir of the Umiam Hydro Electric Project, the Water Sports Complex provides a choice of row-boats, paddle-boats, cruise boats, sailing boats, water scooters and speed boats. This is a very popular place for picnic, fishing and watersports. M.T.D.C. had started operating water-sports in the area. Also the Orchid Lake resort run by the M.T.D.C. cater to the need of the visiting tourists.

Adjacent to the resort is the Lum Nehru Park, a popular picnic spot.

Diengiei Peak:


Location: Ri Bhoi District

Located to the west of the Shillong plateau, Diengiei Peak is just two hundred feet lower than Shillong peak. The peak presents a spectacular view of green mountainous hills. The captivating hills are dotted with tiny shining villages. Diengiei Peak is accessible by the Umiam-Union Christian College-Mawmaram motorable road which takes off from National Highway-40 at Umiam. Atop Diengiei, a visitor is greeted with a commanding view of the Umiam lake with the city of Shillong in the background. On the top of Diengiei, there is a huge hollow, shaped like a cup, which some geologists believe could be the crater of an extinct pre-historic volcano.

Dwarksuid:


Location: Ri Bhoi District, Umroi Bhoilymbong

An enigmatically beautiful pool with wide, rocky sand banks located on a stream alongside the Umroi-Bhoilymbong Road is known as Dwarksuid or Devil's doorway. Its lotus-like rock formations are captivatingly scenic and unforgettable.

Mairang:


Location: West Khasi Hills District

Half-way to Nongstoin is Mairang, the sub-divisional head-quarter, 12 kms from which, lies the imposing Kyllang rock. A massive dome shape of single rock of granite, rising to an elevation of about 5400 ft above sea level, it measures 1,000 fts. across in diameter. Kyllang rock lies 78 km from Shillong

According to geologists, this rock is about several million years old. The rock can be accessed from the northern and eastern flanks. The southern flank is inaccessible because of its slope exceeds 800 over an incline of about six hundred feet. It is believed that the rock possesses a sort of magnetic field, so no one will fall from the slope. Enormous detached blocks of rock features the southern side and dense forests in the northern side. The forest is thickly populated with age-old red Rhododendron trees and oaks along with white Rhododendron trees, which are not found elsewhere.

The southern side of Kyllang Rock is encumbered with enormous detached blocks of rock, while its northern side is clothed with dense forests, containing age-old red Rhododendron trees and oaks besides bushy, white Rhododendron trees.

A beautiful memorial in the honour of U Tirot is constructed here in Mairang to commemorate his great feats.

Jakrem:


Location: West Khasi Hills District

Jakrem located about 64 km from Shillong on the Shillong-Mawkyrwat road, is famous for its hot water springs of sulphur water which is believed to have curative medicinal properties. Jakrem has now developed as a potential health resort. People from all parts of the region throng here to take a dip in the hot spring. Bathing compartments are available around the spring for the use of the public. It is also a favourite picnic spot during winter.

Mawkyrwat:


Location: West Khasi Hills District

Head-quarter of Mawkyrwat sub-division about 35 kms from Nongstoin, Mawkyrwat presents panoramic landscape. A view point has been constructed on top of Mawranglang.

Mawthadraishan:


Location: West Khasi Hills District

Mawthadraishan peak which takes an hour and a half to reach from the main road, is located on the northern side of Nongstoin - Shillong road, near Nongshillong, Mawroh and Markasa villages. It is about 70 kms from Shillong on the Nongstoin road. On top of the range, there is a depression with about 7 to 8 fish ponds of considerable size. The apex of the peak offers a panoramic view of the plains of Assam, and the distant Himalayas after the monsoon, on clear days. The districts of Garo Hills, Khasi Hills and part of Bangladesh come within the Panoramic horizons of Mawthadraishan peak.

Nongkhnum Island:


Location: West Khasi Hills District

Nongkhnum Island is the biggest river island in Meghalaya and the second biggest river island in Asia, after Majuli Island in Assam. Located about 14 Kms from Nongstoin, the district hqs. of West Khasi Hills, it is 20 to 25 sq. kms in area. Travelling on foot from Nongstoin through the villages of Lawse, Mawduh and Mawthar, it takes about two and a half-hours to reach the Island. There is a wooden bridge over the Weinia Fall to enter the Island.

The Island is formed by the bifurcation of Kynshi River into the Phanliang River and the Namliang River. At the point of divergence, there is a beautiful sandy shore about 100 sq. meters in area. The Phanliang River forms a beautiful lake adjacent to the sandy beach. This lake is about 400 to 500 sq. meters. The River then moves along and before reaching a deep gorge, forms a pretty fall about 60 meters high, called Shadthum Fall. At the bottom of the fall, there is a beautiful pool where a variety of fishes can be found. It then continues its journey and finally reunites with the Namliang River, near a place called Thongrin.

The Namliang River first flows towards the north and then changes its course towards the west. It then reaches a gorge and forms two narrow falls. The first one is called Riatsohkhe fall and is near Mawthar village. The second one is the wonderful and beautiful Weinia fall, which is about 60 meters high. The River then flows further west till it reunites with the Phanliang River on the western rocky shore and then flow towards the west. After a distance of about 10 kms from the Island, it reaches the deepest gorge and forms the longest fall in the region of about 335 to 340 meters high, called Langshiang fall.

The area surrounded by the two Rivers, i.e. Phanliang and Namliang forms the Nongkhnum Island. Within the Island, there are big trees and areas of grassland and natural playground suitable for playing football and golf and even for landing a helicopter. There are plenty of fishing pools, especially near the sandy shore, called Wei-Phanliang. Angling is the only way to enjoy as well as protect the fishes.

Ranikor:


Location: West Khasi Hills District

On the banks of river Jadukata close to Bangladesh. Ranikor is a beautiful place. This area is famous for abundance of mahseer. The dark blue deep waters of Jadukata offers ample scope for water - sports.

Jaintia Hills-Land of Myths and Legends:


The Jaintia Hills in the State of Meghalaya is bounded on the North and East by the State of Assam. On the South by Bangladesh and on the West by East Khasi Hills District. The total area is 3,819 sq.kms. having a population of 2,95,692 (2001 Census). A land of undulating hills rich in mineral deposits. The natural vegetation changes according to the topography of the land kingdom of Jaintiapur now in present day Bangladesh.

Jowai:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

64 kms. from Shillong is the administrative headquarters of Jaintia Hills as well as the commercial centre. It is situated along side the Myntdu river which encircles two thirds of this over expanding township.

Nartiang:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

The Village of Nartiang is significant for its Summer Palace of the Jaintia King whose Capital was Jaintiapur. The remnants of the summer Palace is located on a hillock approximately two kilometres from the Nartiang market. The archway which can be seen to this day shows that they were well versed in the making of red bricks similar to the ones used by the Ahom Kings of Assam. From the cannons found in the Shiv temple it goes to show that they had skills in techniques of fire arms and metallurgy. At present there lies a Hindu temple in this vicinity and the priests who practice, there are direct descendants of the original priests that came from Jaintiapur.

Nartiang Monoliths:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Monoliths exist throughout the length and breadth of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills. However, the biggest collection of monoliths or Megalithic stones in one single area is to be found north of the Nartiang market. These consists of Menhirs (Upright stones) Moo Shynrang and Dolmens (flat stones in the horizontal position) locally known as Moo Kynthai. Within the perimetre of these Megalithic collection stands the tallest Menhir erected by U Mar Phalyngki a trusted lieutenant of the Jaintia King to commemorate his victory in battle. Other monoliths were erected by U Mar Phalyngki, U Luh Lyngskor Lamare and various clans of Nartiang village between 1500A.D.and l835A.D.

Durga Temple at Nartiang:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Adjacent to the ruins of the Summer Palace of the Jaintia King in front of the arched gateway of red bricks stands the Durga Temple. It is believed that the temple was constructed by the Jaintia King on his conversion to Hinduism. It is said that the temple construction initially was like a typical Khasi house having a Central wooden pillar (dieng Blai) and the roof was in thatch. Later, the thatch was replaced by a corrugated tin roof. Further modification on the roof as we now see has a steeple like a Church.

During the rule of the Jaintia Kings, human sacrifices were offered to Goddess Durga. Within the temple there is a tunnel that reaches the river Myntang and it is through this hole that the heads were rolled down to the Myntang River. Human sacrifice was banned during British rule and goats are now sacrificed.

Khim Moo Sniang:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

This locality derives its name from an embedded rock in the shape of a pig. The literal translation from 'Moo' is stone and 'Sniang' refers to pig. A stone deity venerated by the Jaintias for its protective power.

Thadlaskein Lake:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

8 k.m.. from Jowai on National highway - 44 is a man made lake at Thadlaskein fed by a Perennial spring. According to tradition, one Chieftain Sajar Nangli had an irreconcilable difference with the King of Jaintiapur. Not wanting to be blamed for an inevitable bloodbath he decided to flee from the Kingdom with his followers. Before his departure, however, they dug the present day lake with the ends of bows as a memorial. The lake is revered by the people of Raid Mukhla who continue to offer sacrifices near the Lake. A popular picnic spot for locals.

Umhang Lake:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

This lake at Wataw (Bataw) village overlooking the plains of Bangladesh is flanked on either side by lush green forests. This lake is attributed to Sajar Nangli who dined at this spot and drank water from a spring to quench his thirst. He and his followers decided to create a lake unlike any other in the Jaintia Kingdom, so they spent several months digging this magnificent lake. Here too the people of Wataw (Bataw) regard the Umhang Lake with reverence and pay homage alongwith sacrifices annually.

Kiang Nongbah Monument:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

On the banks of the Myntdu river in the Syntu Ksiar Valley on a field known as "Madiah Kmal Blai" stands a monument dedicated to Kiang Nongbah. Kiang Nongbah, a Jaintia patriot during British rule who died as a martyr for the cause of Indian liberation from British rule. The last words uttered by him from the scaffold before the public hanging on 30th Dec. 1862 had remained true. "If my face turns eastwards when I die, we shall be free again within a hundred years. If it turns westward, we shall be enslaved forever."

Syntu Ksiar:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Syntu Ksiar meaning Flower of Gold is a vast stretch of the river bank of Myntdu river where people usually go for picnics and angling, in the vicinity of Jowai which encircles two-third of the Jowai Township. The name literally means Golden Flower. On the banks of Syntu Ksiar along side the river Myntdu, an elegant monument has been erected in honour of the Jaintia patriot- U Kiang Nongbah.

Stone Bridge at Thlumuwi:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

16 kms. from Jowai on the Jowai Muktapur road to Dawki lies Thlu Muwi. This stone bridge built by U Mar Phalyngki and U Luh Lamare under the orders of the Jaintia King. Because of the rise of the Muwistream during the monsoon a bridge was required to be built for the King's journey from Jaintiapur to Nartiang. The bridge consists of huge well hewn granite stone slabs perched on equally similar pillars. Beside the stone bridge is also the Muwi Waterfalls.

Dawki:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Travelling from Shillong to the International trade route border town of Dawki is a splendid drive of 95 kilometres passing through deep gorges and ravines, which is certainly a thrilling experience. On approaching Dawki is the Umngot river, the venue of the annual boat race held during March - April at Umsyiem. The Umngot river is the natural boundary between Ri Pnar or Jaintia Hills with Hima Khyrim of Khasi hills over which is a single span suspension bridge was constructed. This is the gateway to Bangladesh where major export and import transactions take place.

Iawmusiang:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

The largest Jaintia market as well as the commercial centre of Jaintia Hills, Iawmusiang derives its name from the sacred - stone within the market which was brought to its present location from the village of Nongbah. The Iawmusiang market day occurs once in an eight day circle. On this day people from the villages come here to sell their wares. Jaintia Hills is famous for its spices.

Ruparsor bathing ghat:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

On the Jowai Muktapur road approximately 8 kms. from Dawki is the Rupasor Bathing ghat. This bathing pool is hewn out of granite. The water which comes into the pool is through the curved trunk of an elephant fed by the Rupasor stream. This bathing pool was used by Royalty, believed to have been constructed by U Mar Phalyngki and U Luh Lyngskor Lamare under the direction of the Jaintia King. The pool measures nineteen and a half feet in length, fifteen feet in breadth and five feet deep. To the West of the pool there used to be changing rooms for the royal family.

U Lum Sunaraja:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Near Umkiang village on top of the hill there is a deep lake believed by the locals to be the spot where old and aged elephants go to die by plunging themselves into the deep pool. It is also believed that valuable ivory of the dead elephants are guarded by huge serpent so that nobody can take away the tusks.

Umlawan Cave:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

The sleepy hamlet of Lumshnong village came into lime-light recently when it has been confirmed that the Umlawan cave situated in this village is the longest and also the deepest in the sub-continent. The Umlawan cave is interconnected with two other caves namely Kot-Sati and Umskor caves. The total length of these caves is more than 21 kms and about 100 m in depth. This place is 60 kms east of Jowai. Dotted across the entire district there are numerous caves and caverns with spectacular stalagmites and stalactite formations. Till now only a few of these caves have been explored and surveyed.

Lady of good Health Shrine:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Shrine of our lady of good health. In Raliang village, 32 Kms off Jowai road there stand, a magnificent triple storied octagonal structure consisting of only one big hall with the altar on the centre. Atop the dome of the shrine and over the altar there is an imposing statue of our Lady of good Health made of shimmering white marble standing upon a globe. The shrine is a replica of our lady of Good Health at Turin Holy.

Borghat Temple:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

This village is situated close to the Bangladesh border. Borghat Temple dedicated to Hindu religion is located within this village. In olden days, sacrifices were offered in this temple, however it had been damaged during the 1897 earthquake.

Jarain Pitcher Plant Lake:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Located at Jarain, in Amlarem subdivision of War-Jaintia region amid the natural habitat of the carnivorous pitcher plant -- Nepenthenes Khasiana spreads over an area of 50,000 square metres. A pretty lake sits placidly amid gravelled footpaths, arch bridges, pitcher plant garden and green house -interpretation centre. The railings of the boat-house are styled on the pitcher plant. A pitcher plant replica in the middle of the lake doubles up as a fountain -- the setting is perfect for a leisurely boat ride. There are paddle-boats to engage visitors as they soak in the greenery of the low lying hillocks around. Four boats have been provided and the lake is attracting a lot of visitors from far and near.

Krang Suri Falls:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Krang Suri is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the District. It is located in the Amlarem Civil Sub Division. To transform the place into a tourists destination the District Administration has initiated steps to construct Chisseled and graveled footpaths and view points to enable visitors to better appreciate the beauty of the waterfall and its surroundings. The footpaths are hewn from the natural multi colored stones available in the area, no cement has been used and stones have been placed symmetrically to enhance the aesthetic appeal of the area.

Ialong Park:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

The Park is located about 8 kms from Jowai. It is known for its sacred grove and for its setting which overlooks the beautiful Pynthorwah Valley. Through the Special DRDA Tourism Project the District Administration have taken step to beautify the park by creating infrastructure such as water dams and canals, toilet facilities with changing rooms, hoardings, jungle clearance which has attracted tourist far and wide. A water eco park is also taking shape with an intention to change Ialong into a major Tourism Hub of the District.

Tyrshi Falls:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Tyrshi Falls on the Shillong-Jowai Road (NH 44) is Jowai's answer to Shillong's Elephant Falls. This fall is located about 5 kms from Jowai. A pretty arch bridge connects across an expanse of green paddy fields, which opens up to the gushing Tyrshi falls thundering down to the Pynthor (paddy-fields) below. A winding footpath offering a breathtaking and panoramic view of the Pynthor Nein, eases your trek down to the bottom of the falls, which glides down like milk over a vertical drop.

Iooksi (Kupli) Park:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Iooksi village in Laskein Block is located some 40 kms from the District headquarter. For the development of the park in the village the District administration through the Department of Forest (Social Forestry) have constructed an approach road to the park, ram shelters, railing in the view points, sitting benches and play items for children to attract visitors to the area.

A recreation centre has been developed on the banks of Kopili river. A local NGO, ICSO (Iooksi Centre School Organization), has been assigned the task of managing the project. The ICSO regularly organises boat racing and swimming competitions in the area.

Garo Hills-The Ecological Canvas of Meghalaya:


Forming the western part of the State the entire Garo Hills having an area of approximately 8,000 sq kms. is densely forested and hence one of the richest spots in biodiversity.

The Garos predominantly inhabiting the three districts of the State namely East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills and South Garo Hills are basically superstitious, believe in spirits and have rich traditional tales of myths and legends. To the Garos everything that is interesting and unnatural has to have the lore of some kind.

Tura, Meghalaya:


Location: West Garo Hills District

Tura the headquarter of West Garo Hills, which was also the headquarter of composite Garo Hills before two more districts of East and South Garo Hills were created, is 323 kms. from Shillong via Guwahati named after a powerful goddess Durama-Imbama, this Tura town is situated at the foot of Tura peak. 5kms higher at 1400m the peak offers some of the finest views of the hills against a backdrop of lowlying plains and sweeping curve of the mighty Brahmaputra.

Tura Peak:


Location: West Garo Hills District

A beautiful and majestic hill stands on the eastern side of Tura at a height of 872 m above sea level overlooking the town of Tura. Local legend has it that the peak provides a sacred shelter or abode to the ‘Gods’ and it is also claimed that Tura was traditionally known as Dura, but due to mispronunciation by the British gave it the present name of Tura. The Tura range has been declared a reserve forest with an observatory, a Cinchona plantation and a tourist bungalow located at its vicinity. A magnificent view of the lower Brahmaputra valley as well as the golden yellow plains of Bangladesh can be seen all year round from the peak. A foot-track or path developed during the British Raj is still in existence and can be used by tourists and adventurers alike to reach Tura peak with ease and comfort.

Nokrek Biosphere:


Location: West Garo Hills District

About 40 kms, via Asananggiri and Sasatgiri but just 2 kms. from Tura peak; teeming with wild life, Nokrek hill is the home of a very rare species of citrus locally known as Memang Narang orange of the spirits. This Memang Narang is considered to be the most primitive and progenitor of all other varieties of citrus plants in the world with a view to preserve this rare species of citrus indica the first gene sanctuary of the world has been established here.

Chibragre:


Location: West Garo Hills District

Lying at the confluence of Ganol and Rongram rivers, just 9 kms from Tura on the Tura Guwahati road is an ideal picnic spot.

Pelga Falls:


Location: West Garo Hills District

Pelga falls located at the distance of 7 kms from Tura has become increasingly hot spot for anglers and picnickers in recent years. The tourism department developed this place by constructing a footpath and view point. A typical traditional Garo bamboo bridge constructed over Ganol river is another added attraction.

Rongbang Dare:


Location: West Garo Hills District

Is another attractive tourist spot in West Garo Hills which can be easily viewed from Tura-Williamnagar PWD Road and the roadside near Rongbang dare virtually becomes mini bazaar in recent years where the Garos can dispose off their agriculture products besides running their indigenous food and tea stalls.

Sasatgre Village:


Location: West Garo Hills District

Located on the hilly crescent-like saddle, at the foot of the Nokrek peak, in the West Garo Hills district, Sasatgre village is accessible by a jeepable road from Oragitok village which lies on the Tura-Asanangre-Williamnagar State highway. Sasatgre has been blessed by nature in so far as orange plantations are concerned and the village is surrounded by healthy, dark green orange bushes, which are highly productive. The village now falls on the periphery of the Nokrek Gene Sanctuary-cum-Biosphere Reserve.

Bhaitbari:


Location: West Garo Hills District

This small sleeping hamlet of Bhaitbari came into national focus when ruins of ancient kingdom dating back to 4-8 A.D. were discovered here a few years ago. This place is just 8 kms. from Phulbari near Assam border and in nearer via plains road along Assam border and is nearer via plains road along Assam border.

Rangapani:


Location: West Garo Hills District

40 kms from Tura, near Mankachar on the Assam border there still lies the earthly remains of the great general Mir-Jumla the army general of great Moghul Emperor Aurangzeb. Mir-jumla died of malaria while returning from his excursions to the North - East. His tomb maintained by the local Muslim association lies in this village.

Williamnagar:


Location: East Garo Hills District

Named after the 1st Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Capt. Williamson Sangma, this riverine town built on the curve of Simsang river is the Headquarters of East Garo hills. It is 313 kms from Shillone via Guwahati and is 76 kms from Tura.

Rongrenggiri:


Location: East Garo Hills District

5 kms from Williamnagar, is noted for being the last battle field where the Garos bravely resisted the British.

Sisobibra:


Location: East Garo Hills District

12 kms away from Williamnagar on the Tura Wiliamnagar road, a beautiful place on the banks of Simsang River is of historical importance, for it was here the legendary hero Togan Sangma along with his co-patriot Gilsang Dalbot fell to the bullets of the British soldiers while bravely resisting them. A memorial has been erected at the place where the warriors fell down. District Council has constructed a twin cottage near the memorial place where visitors can stay.

Adokgre:


Location: East Garo Hills District

l0 kms from Duphdara on the Assam border, Adokgre was the first camp in Garo Hills when the Garos coming from Tibet under the leadership of Jappa-Jalimpa arrived the promised land of Garo Hills. It was here that they distributed the land according to their Machongs(clan).

Naka-Chikong:


Location: East Garo Hills District

15 kms from Duphdara, it is a big rock with deep hollows, in the middle of Ildek river in Badaka village just 3kms from Adokgre, this big rock is mythologically believed to be swarming with fishes, you can get tons of fishes any season of the year, but there is one belief, if any one inadvertently touches the big rock under whose hole the fishes are, all fishes immediately disappear from the river. The Hindus consider this a sacred place and regularly come here for worship and picnic.

Resubelpara:


Location: East Garo Hills District

15 kms from Williamnagar Sub-Divisional head quarter of Resu Sub-Division; there is a hot spring here.

Napak:


Location: East Garo Hills District

45 kms from Williamnagar there is a lake formed by damming of the upper tributary of a river during the great earth quake in 1897. Napak was once the land of the spirit until one woman working in the Jhum accidentally killed a spirit's baby. The spirits feeling insecure then migrated to Balpakram where they settled till now.

Baghmara:


Location: South Garo Hills District

Baghmara the head quarter of South Garo Hills District is a fast growing township. It is situated on the banks of Simsang river on the international Bangladesh border. Nearby just below the picturesque Dilsa hill, the State Tourism Department has constructed a Tourist bungalow.

Baghmara Reserve Forest:


Location: South Garo Hills District

At a distance of about 4 kilometers from the main town of Baghmara, this thick forest is inhabited by langurs, birds of different species, elephants, etc. Many tourists have reported sighting herds of elephants as they travel from Baghmara to Balpakram National Park via Baghmara Reserve Forest.

Nengkong:


Location: South Garo Hills District

14 kms north of Baghmara is the well known caves Tetengkol, which balwakol measuring 5,33kms in length is one of the longest cave in the Indian Sub-continent. The other cave is Dobakkol Chibe Nala almost 2kms long and another, a little over 1 km long called Bok-bak dobakkol are also in the vicinity of the area.

Siju:


Location: South Garo Hills District

132 kms from Tura, Siju is famous for Dobakkol or the bat cave with impressive stalagmites and stalagtites. It is one of the longest caves in the Indian Sub-continent and contains some of the finest river passages to be found any where in the world. There are magnificent limestone rock formations inside, epecially named princes, Di's chamber by the excavators will fill any visitor with awe. Close by on the other side of Simsang River is the Siju bird sanctuary, a home for many rare and protected birds and other wildlife. The Siberian ducks also migrated here during the winter months. At the entrance to this bird sanctuary after a steep climb of nearly 1 km there is a stretch of fantastic rock formations that will take your breath away.

Balpakram:


Location: South Garo Hills District

The literal meaning of Balpakram is the "land of perpetual winds". There is a great precipice or deep gorge in Balpakram and is popularly compared to the Grand Canyon of U.S.A. It is believed that here, the spirits of the dead dwell temporarily before embarking on the final journey. Balpakram is sacred to the Garos as the abode of the dead spirits. As mentioned earlier, the Garos are deeply spiritual and believe in myths as interesting and awe-some as the Greeks mythlogics. In support of their beliefs, Balpakram has many mysterious and unnatural phenomena that cannot be satisfactorily explained by modern science and logic.

Some of these mysterious sites are Boldak matchu karam, Chidimak, Matchru, Areng patal, Goncho Dare, Dikkini ring, Rongsaljong Agal, Rongsobok Rongkol.

Apart from the above mentioned sites there are many mysterious places which you can explore yourself. Indeed Balpakram is so steeped in myths that even the Hindus believe that it is a sacred place. They believe that when Laxman was seriously injured during the war with Ravana and a very rare life saving herb was required, Hanuman found it here but not knowing which to take also in his haste to return, broke the top of the hills and carried it away. The missing portion of that hill became a deep awning canyon. Balpakram has been declared a National Park some years ago. This place is about 220 sq kms in area and is 167 kms from Tura. This place is not only of mythological importance but also the natural habitant of many rare and exotic animals and plant life. It is also believed to be the original home of the rare citrus plant Me-mang Narang. Balpakram is exquisitely beautiful when ground orchids are in bloom. The best time to see is from November to March. There is the guest house at Hattisil at the entrance to Balpakram run by the Forest Department.

Imilchang Dare:


Location: South Garo Hills District

A waterfall of immense visual beauty is to be found close to the Tura-Chokpot Road in West Garo Hills district. The stream on which it is located, flows through a deep, narrow winding bed of crevice rocks till it suddenly emerges on to a broad wide opening and cascades in a thick, wide formation, over a broad chasm, creating an electrifying waterfall of unique beauty. The deep, wide pool at the bottom of the fall with its wide and expansive surroundings make it an exciting swimming pool, full of fish of varied size and colour, besides being an ideal picnic spot.

Emangre:


Location: South Garo Hills District

This is the only village where the traditional wood carving on the posts and beams of the "Nokpante" or the bachelor's dormitory still survives.

Dombeware:


Location: South Garo Hills District

3 kms from Eman Asakgre there is a legendary lake on top of the hill believed to have been created by a merman when he eloped away with a beautiful wife of one boastful man. Some people say Bombe, the beautiful woman is still alive in the underground water Kingdom.

Simsang River:


Simsang River starts from Nokrek peak and runs towards east, passing through Rongrengiri, Williamnagar, the headquarters of East Garo Hills district, Nongalbibra, Siju, Rewak and finally Baghmara, the headquarters of South Garo Hills district. Simsang river is known as Someshwari when it enters Bangladesh at Baghmara is the most magnificent and most prominent.

Eco Destination in Meghalaya:


Mawphlang Sacred Forest::


Location: East Khasi Hills District

One of the most remarkable features of the Khasi Hills are the sacred forests, which have been preserved by traditional religious sanction, since the ancient days. One of the most famous sacred forests is the Mawphlang Sacred Forest, about 25 kilometres from Shillong. The sacred grove has an amazing life form of plants, flowering trees, orchids and butterflies. An ideal destination for nature lovers.

The sacred-groves which have been preserved since time immemorial, are in sharp contrast to their surrounding grasslands. These groves are generally rimmed by a dense growth of Castanopsis kurzii trees, forming a protective hedge which halts intrusion of Pinus kasia (Khasi pine) which dominates all areas outside the sacred groves. Inside the outer rim, the sacred groves are virtually Nature's Own Museum. The heavily covered grounds have a thick cushion of humus accumulated over the centuries. The trees in every sacred groveare heavily loaded with epiphytic growth of aroids, pipers, ferns, fern-allies and orchids. The humus-covered grounds likewise harbour myriad varieties of plant life, many of which are found nowhere else.

Nongkhnum Island:


Location: West Khasi Hills District

Nongkhnum Island is the biggest river island in Meghalaya and the second biggest river island in Asia, after Majuli Island in Assam. Located about 14 Kms from Nongstoin, the district hqs. of West Khasi Hills, it is 20 to 25 sq. kms in area. Travelling on foot from Nongstoin through the villages of Lawse, Mawduh and Mawthar, it takes about two and a half-hours to reach the Island. There is a wooden bridge over the Weinia Fall to enter the Island.

The Island is formed by the bifurcation of Kynshi River into the Phanliang River and the Namliang River. At the point of divergence, there is a beautiful sandy shore about 100 sq. meters in area. The Phanliang River forms a beautiful lake adjacent to the sandy beach. This lake is about 400 to 500 sq. meters. The River then moves along and before reaching a deep gorge, forms a pretty fall about 60 meters high, called Shadthum Fall. At the bottom of the fall, there is a beautiful pool where a variety of fishes can be found. It then continues its journey and finally reunites with the Namliang River, near a place called Thongrin.

The Namliang River first flows towards the north and then changes its course towards the west. It then reaches a gorge and forms two narrow falls. The first one is called Riatsohkhe fall and is near Mawthar village. The second one is the wonderful and beautiful Weinia fall, which is about 60 meters high. The River then flows further west till it reunites with the Phanliang River on the western rocky shore and then flow towards the west. After a distance of about 10 kms from the Island, it reaches the deepest gorge and forms the longest fall in the region of about 335 to 340 meters high, called Langshiang fall.

The area surrounded by the two Rivers, i.e. Phanliang and Namliang forms the Nongkhnum Island. Within the Island, there are big trees and areas of grassland and natural playground suitable for playing football and golf and even for landing a helicopter. There are plenty of fishing pools, especially near the sandy shore, called Wei-Phanliang. Angling is the only way to enjoy as well as protect the fishes.

Jakrem Hot Spring:


Location: West Khasi Hills District

Jakrem located about 64 km from Shillong on the Shillong-Mawkyrwat road, is famous for its hot water springs of sulphur water which is believed to have curative medicinal properties. Jakrem has now developed as a potential health resort. People from all parts of the region throng here to take a dip in the hot spring. Bathing compartments are available around the spring for the use of the public. It is also a favourite picnic spot during winter.

Mawlynnong Village:


Location: East Khasi Hills District

Mawlynnong Village has earned the distinction of being the cleanest village in India. It is situated 90 kms. from Shillong and besides the picturesque village, offers many interesting sights such as the living root bridge and another strange natural phenomenon of a boulder balancing on another rock.

Mawlynnong nestled in the pristine hill state of Meghalaya, is along the Indo-Bangla border. This cute and colourful little village is known for its cleanliness. The main occupation of the villagers is agriculture. They mostly grow betel nut. About 82 households live in Mawlynnong. Keeping the surrounding environment clean is an age old tradition. Discover India magazine declared the village as the cleanest in Asia in 2003.

A dustbin made out of bamboo is found all along the village. Every one makes it a point that dirt and waste are not thrown everywhere. All the waste from the dustbin is collected and kept in a pit, which the villagers use as manure. The villagers are now on a mission to ban plastic. The village with cent per cent literacy is conscious and they are spreading the message of conservation and protection of the forest. Locals plant trees to ensure that the virgin forest is kept intact and also replenished.

Mawlynnong’s fame is now drawing an endless stream of guests from across the country and abroad. Although residential facilities are still scarce and are in the process of being developed, the existing one constructed from bamboo and thatch is quite hospitable and restful. Mawlynnong is an artist’s delight and the sort of getaway that would titillate creative writers and poets.

Sports & Adventure in Meghalaya :


For tourists seeking adventure - trekking, camping, caving, rock climbing, water sports can be organised with advice from the tourism department, guides and tour operators.

Trekking:


Meghalaya provides the best nature trek through rain forests to the river front at the bottom of the valley, to living root bridges which are exclusive to Meghalaya in the entire world. The dry months from November to February throw open abundant trekking, camping and caving opportunities for the adventurous. The trekking opportunity in Meghalaya is outstanding for the fact that, the terrain is very challenging. You can hire guides to walk through the terrains of Meghalaya.

Some of the best Trekking Routes: Living Root Bridge, Kyllang Rock, David Scott Trail, Sohpet-bneng

One of the most popular trekking routes is the old mule track marked by David Scott, traditionally used by people to travel from Mawphlang to present day Bangladesh.

This entire picturesque route extends to a five days trek or can be divided into shorter treks, the most common being from Mawphlang to Lad Mawphlang, a one day trek (16 km).

This four hour walk takes you past clear streams, by waterfalls over rushing rivers, through meadows, jungles, valleys and also through a Khasi village on a hilltop.

Another interesting trek is from Cherrapunjee to Pynursula or Krang to Pynursula. This trek is hard as one has to walk deep into the valleys before climbing up to Pynursula. There are many Living Root bridges on this trek and the experience of life in the deep valleys, with no access to modern amenities is unforgettable. This trek can be undertaken with the help of guides or tour operators.

Another popular destination for trekking and rock climbing is the Kyllang rock at Mairang. the sub-divisional head-quarter, 12 kms from which, lies the imposing Kyllang rock. A massive dome shape of single rock of granite, rising to an elevation of about 5400 ft above sea level, it measures 1,000 fts. across in diameter. Kyllang rock lies 78 km from Shillong According to geologists, this rock is about several million years old. The rock can be accessed from the northern and eastern flanks. The southern flank is inaccessible because of its slope exceeds 800 over an incline of about six hundred feet. It is believed that the rock possesses a sort of magnetic field, so no one will fall from the slope. Enormous detached blocks of rock features the southern side and dense forests in the northern side. The forest is thickly populated with age-old red Rhododendron trees and oaks along with white Rhododendron trees, which are not found elsewhere.

The southern side of Kyllang Rock is encumbered with enormous detached blocks of rock, while its northern side is clothed with dense forests, containing age-old red Rhododendron trees and oaks besides bushy, white Rhododendron trees.

A beautiful memorial in the honour of U Tirot is constructed here in Mairang to commemorate his great feats.

Mawthadraishan in West Khasi Hills is a range of low hills which are ideal for easy treks through rolling hills. Mawthadraishan peak which takes an hour and a half to reach from the main road, is located on the northern side of Nongstoin - Shillong road, near Nongshillong, Mawroh and Markasa villages. On top of the range, there is a depression with about 7 to 8 fish ponds of considerable size. The apex of the peak offers a panoramic view of the plains of Assam, and the distant Himalayas after the monsoon, on clear days. The districts of Garo Hills, Khasi Hills and part of Bangladesh come within the Panoramic horizons of Mawthadraishan peak. Jaintia hills offers a trek from Nartiang (Summer Capital of the erstwhile Jaintia Kings), to the plains of Bangladesh. This is a historical trek relating to the history of the Jaintia Kingdom.
Trekking from Tura to the Nokrek peak is an arduous task but worth the effort if one has the stamina. For people inclined to exert less effort the trek can be reversed by taking a drive to the Nokrek Peak. This trek involves crossing through some virgin tropical forests and wading through mountain streams. While trekking in Garo Hills there is always a likelihood of seeing or hearing wild elephants.

One of the most attractive spots in Garo hills is Siju. Making a base here one can trek towards the Balpakram National Park to a village called Rongsu (14 km), which can be expanded into a longer trek to include the Balpakram National Park. The Balpakram national park offers a wide variety of treks particularly ideal for wildlife treks. For these treks the assistance and advice from the Forest Department officials is necessary. A trek through this tropical forest is an an unforgetable experience. Langurs, Hornbills and and other birds are quite easily spotted and sometimes the elusive sambar can be seen.

Water Sports::


The water sports complex at Umiam provides sailing, water skiing, angling and canoeing.

SKIING Rs 200 Per Head -5 Minutes Ride
YACHTING Rs 100 Per Head - 1 Hour Ride - (Capacity 2)
RIVER BUS Rs 50 Per Head - 20 Minutes Ride (Capacity 30 + 2) Minimum 10 Person
HIGH SPEED BOAT Rs 75 Per Head - 5 Minutes Ride (Capacity 14 + 1) Minimum 10 Person
SPEED BOAT Rs 150 Per Ride of 5 Minutes - (Capacity 4+1)
CRUISING BOAT Rs 20 Per Head -10 Minutes Ride (Capacity 12 + 1) Minimum 5 Person
SCOOTER Rs 50 Per Head - 5 Minutes Ride - (Capacity 1+1)
PEDAL BOAT/CANOE/KAYAK Rs 20 Per Head - 30 Minutes Ride - (Capacity 4)

Archery:


A popular local sport is Archery where teams compete to hit a cylindrical straw target mounted on a bamboo pole. Archery is also a popular form of gambling where the bets are made on the number of arrows hitting the target. Archery game is usually held on the eighth day, being the last market day of the week in rural areas. Competitions are also organized, prominent being the inter-Hima contest between the traditional administrative Khasi states, held on every 4th April, organized by the Apphira Archery Committee at the Polo grounds Shillong.

A daily commercial archery of betting on the last two digits that hit the target is held in Shillong, the tickets being sold in stalls and around the city.

Go Golfing:


The site on the Shiilong Golf Course is located provides a scenic view, Developed in 1898, as a 9 Holes Course, it was later converted to 18 Holes in 1924 by Capt. Jackson and C.K Rhodes - both did a remarkable job in preserving its natural beauty and carved out the course amongst pine trees on agently undulating land. It is the third oldest Golf Course in India and was first surveyed in 1933.

General information about the Golf Course:



  • Year of foundation: 1898 - 9 Holes, 1924 - 18 Holes Course.
  • Altitude: 1,496 metres from the sea level.
  • Open: Round the year
  • No. of holes: 18
  • Distance Ladies: 5,321
  • Distance Gentlemen: 5,873
  • Par: 70


River Canyoning:


River Canyoning at Sohra is an adventure activity which is more demanding than treks. It involves following the river course. We have different sections of River Canyoning of varied challenge levels. One needs to be physically fit to clamber up huge rocks, hop from boulder to boulder, jump across rapids, swim and scramble down steep slopes. There are swim free stretches also. Our experienced guides will help you in tackling these challenges. Ideal time for River Canyoning is from November to February.

Parks in Meghalaya:


Lady Hydari Park:


Location: East Khasi Hills District, Shillong

A well manicured garden with a mini-zoo and children's playground attached to it-this park right in the heart of the city is now run and managed by the Forest Department. Close to this park lies the Crinoline falls and the city's only swimming pool known by the same name i.e., Crinoline swimming pool.

Mattilang Park:


Location: East Khasi Hills District, Upper Shillong

Mattilang Amusement Park is located in Upper Shillong. The park is formed by the Self Help Group of the area. This park is developed on the other side of the Elephants Falls and gives a good view of the Falls.

Sa-I-Mika Park:


Location: East Khasi Hills District, Sohra

Located on the way to the world famous ‘Dainthlen Falls’ and about 3 kms before reaching Sohra town is Sa -I - Mika Park, a one stop tourist destination. Set amidst 69 acres of pristine surroundings, Sa -I - Mika offers not only accommodation but a host of activities that is caters to people from all ages and walks of life. At present there are four double bedded rooms with all modern amenities and two traditional cottages. On offer are well appointed rooms, hot and cold running water, room service priced at Rs.1200/- and Rs.1500/- per night. There is also a 200 capacity conference hall which is suitable for hosting cooperate and departmental events, seminars, workshops and concerts. On request, the management can also arrange to organise barbecues, bonfires, tour guides, traditional Khasi dance and local cuisine and drink.

The park has the distinct advantage of being located close to the waterfalls and one can arrange treks and tours to these places, as well as the caves and other areas of tourist interest. Since the management is closely associated with the community, one can also opt for a homestay in one of the villages, to experience life with a typical Khasi family.

Thangkharang Park:


Location: East Khasi Hills District, Sohra

Managed and well maintained by the State Forest Department, this park on Mawsmai - Shella Road - about 8 kms from Sohra is a popular tourist spot. There are many rare and exotic orchids and some rare species of plants endemic to the area. A panoramic view of the plains of Bangladesh is clearly visible on a clear day from the park.

Thangkarang Park laid on the high rocky cliffs overlooks the plains of Bangladesh. You can spot the imposing Kynrem falls cascading down majestically in three stages. The bird sanctuary at nearby Thangkarang with the awesome view of the imposing waterfalls set against the backdrop of Bangladesh plains is a bonanza for tourists, both foreign and domestic.

Eco Park in Meghalaya:


Location: East Khasi Hills District, Sohra

A large "Eco Park" established by the Meghalaya government in the plateau, which hosts several hybrid and indigenous orchids in the Green House donated by Shillong Agri-Horticultural Society. Also the Eco Park offers breathtaking view of distant Sylhet Plains of neighbouring Bangladesh.

Nehru Park:


Location: Ri Bhoi District

Lum Nehru Park is located adjacent to Orchid Lake Resort, at Umiam, about 15 km from Shillong, in Meghalaya. An ideal spot for holidaymakers, Lum Nehru Park is noted for its aviary, orchid-house and superbly maintained lawns.

Kharsati Park:


Location: Ri Bhoi District

Karsati Nature Park (KNP) is a natural locale about 40 Kms from Shillong and 5 Kms from the National Highway. It was naugurated on the 5th June 1998 as Kharsati Sanctuary for the preservation and conservation of the flora and fauna of the area, with the objective to have a better environment. The area, which covers approximately 570 acres of lushful forest land, has undulating hills with perennial streams running through it and abundant wildlife.

Thrills Fun Park:


Location: Ri Bhoi District

Thrills Fun Park is located at the Shillong-Guwahati Road, R-Bhoi District and is 25 kms from Shillong. It is 5 kms away down from the Umiam lake resort. Thrills Fun Park is a place pack for a day or two for every one who seeks fun, adventure and refreshes themselves from the hassle-bustle ofdaily life. A place for out going, picnic fun and recreation for kid's youth and elderly people. It's a place for those who love challenges and for those who just want to relax.

Nokrek National Park:


Location: West Garo Hills District

The Nokrek National Park and Biosphere Reserve is about 45 kms from Tura. Nokrek is the highest peak in Garo Hills and home to different species of wild animals including Elephants and Hoolock Gibbons. The park is also home to a very rare species of citrus-indica endemic to this place which the locals call memang narang ('orange of the spirits'). Nokrek is also believed to be the home of Mande Burung (jungle man or ape man) and reported cases of sightings abound in and around the villages of Nokrek.

Balpakram National Park:


Location: South Garo Hills District

Balpakram National Park ("Land of Eternal Wind") also known as the abode of perpetual winds. It is a national wild life park, about 167 kms from Tura. It is believed that here, the spirits of the dead dwell temporarily before embarking on the final journey. It is home to one of the rarest animals in the world - the Red Panda as it is commonly known.

Ialong Park:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

The Park is located about 8 kms from Jowai. It is known for its sacred grove and for its setting which overlooks the beautiful Pynthorwah Valley. Through the Special DRDA Tourism Project the District Administration have taken step to beautify the park by creating infrastructure such as water dams and canals, toilet facilities with changing rooms, hoardings, jungle clearance which has attracted tourist far and wide. A water eco park is also taking shape with an intention to change Ialong into a major Tourism Hub of the District.

Iooksi (Kupli) Park:


Location: Jaintia Hills District

Iooksi village in Laskein Block is located some 40 kms from the District headquarter. For the development of the park in the village the District administration through the Department of Forest (Social Forestry) have constructed an approach road to the park, ram shelters, railing in the view points, sitting benches and play items for children to attract visitors to the area.

Hotels of Meghalaya (Government & Private):


Hotels in Shillong:


  • Hotel Pinewood, Shillong
  • Royal Heritage-Tripura Castle, Shillong
  • Hotel Polo Towers, Shillong
  • Hotel Alpine Continental, Shillong
  • The Majestic Hotel, Shillong
  • Ashutosh Inn, Shillong
  • Hotel J. K. International, Shillong
  • Hotel Orchid, Shillong
  • Lakkhotaa Lodge, Shillong
  • Hotel Pegasus Crown, Shillong
  • Hotel Centre Point, Shillong
  • Hotel Micasa, Shillong
  • Hotel Yalana, Shillong
  • Hotel Broadway, Shillong

Hotels in Sohra:


  • Cherrapunjee Holiday Resort, Cherrapunjee
  • Sohra Plaza, Cherrapunjee
  • Coniferous Resort, Cherrapunjee

Hotels in Ri Bhoi:


  • Orchid Lake Resort, Barapani
  • Breeze-Dale Tourist Resort, Meghalaya
  • Rl Kynjai Resort, Ri Bhoi, Meghalaya
  • Star Valley Tourist Resort, Byrnihat

Hotels in Jowai:


Orchid Inn, Jaintia Hills

Hotels in Tura:


  • Orchid Lodge, West Garo Hills
  • Hotel Rikman Continental, West Garo Hills

Hotels in Baghmara:


  • Baghmara Tourist Lodge, Baghmara, South Garo Hills
  • Siju Tourist Lodge, South Garo Hills

Information Offices of Meghalaya Tourism:


India Tourism: Guwahati

Government Of India,
Regional Office (North East) G.L. Publication Complex,
G.S. Road,
Ulubari,
Guwahati-781007 (Assam)

India Tourism: Shillong

Government Of India,
U Tirot Sing Syiem Road,
Police Bazar,
Shillong-793001

Directorate of Tourism,

Government Of Meghalaya,
Nokrek Building,
Lower Lachumiere,
Shillong 793 001

Source: http://megtourism.gov.in/

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Meghalaya Tourism, Meghalaya, Tourist Information of Meghalaya, Place to Visit in Meghalaya, Shillong, Meghalaya Tourist destination Guide, How to reach at Meghalaya, Hotels in Meghalaya and more

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3 comments:

  1. Superb post.I liked the pictures also.I never visited,but i know that Meghalaya is a nice tourist destination.Now Bus Ticket Booking is not a big task.

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  2. I would like to congratulate on ur excellent blog and hope to seeing more information about Meghalaya. See more information about Tourist Attractions in India

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